Most commonly, mechanical issues and soft-tissue injuries are the cause of low back pain. These injuries can include damage to the intervertebral discs, compression of nerve roots, and improper movement of the spinal joints. The single most common cause of lower back pain is a torn or pulled muscle and/or ligament.
The human back is composed of complex structure of muscle, ligaments,tendons,disk and bones - The segements of our spine are cushined with cartilage -like pads called DISK. Problems with any of the componenets can lead to back pain.I n some cases back pain, its cause is never found.
Strain - the most common causes of back pain are strained muscle, strained ligaments, A muscle spasm
Things that can lead to strain or spasm includes
- lifting somthing improperly
-lifting somthing that is too heavy
- the result of an abrupt and awkward movements
Structural problem :- the following structural problems may also results in bacl pain
Rupture of the disk- early vertebral in our spine is cushioned by disk if the disk rupture there will be more pressure on a nerve
Bulging disk :- i much the same way as rupture disk a bulging disk can results in more pressure on a nerve
Sciatica :- a sharp and shoating pain that travels in through the buttoks and down the back of the leg caused by a BULGING or HERINATED diskpressuring on nerve
Arthritis :- patients with arthritis commonly experinece problem with the joints in the hip, low back, knee and hand. In some cases spinal stenosiscan develop , which is the term used to describe when the space around the spine cord narrow.
Abnormal curveture of the spine - If the spine curve is an unsual way the patient is more likely to experiencse back pain. A n example is SCOLIOSIS, a condition in which the spine curve to the side.
Osteosporosis:- Bone , including the vertebra of the spine , become brittle and porous making compressing fracture more likely.
Below are some other causes of back pain
Everyday activities / poor posture
- Bending awkwardly
- pushing something
- pulling something
- carrying something
- lifting something
- stand for long period
- bending down for long period
- twisting- coughing , szeezing, muscle tenderness
- 0ver stretching
- straing the neck forward,such as when driving / using computer