OSTEOARTHRITIS

Tuesday, 20th Mar 2018

OSTEOARTHRITIS

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition of joint. It is non-inflammatory process. It is characterized by progressive destruction of new bone i.e.osteophytes. It is also known as degenerative arthritis or osteoarthritis or hypertrophic arthritis. It is a wear and tear of joint as one ages. It is more common in weight - bearing joints such as hip and knee. There is also a progression of synovial and capsular thickening and joint effusion seen in spine and hands.

There are number of predisposing factors which cause Osteoarthritis, they are:

  • Idiopathic
  • Hereditary
  • Obesity
  • Poor posture
  • Injured joints
  • Ageing process in joint cartilage
  • Irregularity of joint surface from previous trauma
  • Infection
  • Deformity
  • Cold and damp climate
  • Malignant
  • Previous disease producing damaged articular surface
  • Defective lubricating mechanism
  • Incompletely treated congential dislocation of the hip

 


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